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Fair Dealing Policy and Guidelines: Students

This policy was passed by the Academic Council of Tyndale University College & Seminary, February 28, 2014. It is adapted from The Association of Universities and Colleges in Canada policy and guidelines.

Fair Dealing Guidelines for Students

Fair Dealing Guidance for Students

 This  document  provides  guidance  for  students  on  the  fair  dealing  exemption  to  copyright infringement.

 6.03 .1 Copyright Infringement and Exemptions

 It is an infringement of copyright to copy all or a substantial part[1] of a copyright-protected work or to communicate all or a substantial part of a copyright-protected work to the public[2] by telecommunication without the consent of the holder of the copyright, unless copying or communicating the work falls within an exemption from copyright infringement. One of the main exemptions is the fair dealing exemption.

 The university does not condone copyright infringement by students. Students who copy or communicate copyright-protected works should either obtain the permission of the copyright owner  or  be  satisfied  that  copying  or  communicating  the  works  falls  within  one  of  the exemptions in the Copyright Act. The university is not liable for any infringing copies made or communicated by students including such copies made or communicated using copiers or scanners made available by the university.

 6.03.2  The Fair Dealing Exemption

 The fair dealing exemption in the Copyright Act (sections 29, 29.1 and 29.2) provides that fair dealing with a copyright-protected work for one of the following eight purposes: research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire or parody, does not infringe copyright. Any fair dealing for the purpose of news reporting, criticism or review must however mention the source and, if given in the source, the name of the author or creator of the work.

 Depending on the circumstances, a student may copy or communicate an extract of a copyright-protected work under the fair dealing exemption without the permission of the copyright holder and without infringing copyright.

 6.03 .3  The Fair Dealing Policy

 The university has adopted the Fair Dealing Policy for Universities (“Fair Dealing Policy”).  The policy permits faculty members, instructors and staff members to communicate and reproduce short excerpts of copyright-protected works for specified purposes without infringing copyright. The Fair Dealing Policy applies to students only to the extent that a student is an employee of the university, e.g., acting as a teaching assistant or instructor. A student who is not acting as an employee of the university may look to the policy as a general guideline on how the fair dealing exemption can be applied to his or her copying. A copy of the Fair Dealing Policy can be found here.

 Definition of Short Excerpt

 The Fair Dealing Policy defines a short excerpt as follows: A short excerpt means:

(a)       up  to  10%  of  a  copyright-protected  work  (including  a  literary work, musical score, sound recording, and an audiovisual work)

 (b)       one chapter from a book

 (c)       a single article from a periodical

 (d)      an entire artistic work (including a painting, print, photograph, diagram, drawing, map, chart, and plan) from a copyright-protected work containing other artistic works

 (e)    an entire newspaper article or page

 (f)     an entire single poem or musical score from a copyright-protected work containing other poems or musical scores

(g)      an entire entry from an encyclopedia, annotated bibliography, dictionary or similar reference work provided that in each case, no more of the work is copied than is required in order to achieve the allowable purpose.

 For information regarding the Fair Dealing Policy and Canada’s copyright law, contact the copyright officer .


[1] For a discussion of what constitutes a substantial part of a copyright-protected work see the Fair Dealing Policy for Universities: General Application to be found here .

[2] In general, a communication is to the public if the recipients are not restricted to individuals that are purely in a domestic relationship.